John Craven, DC
John Craven’s contributions to the philosophy of chiropractic can hardly be underestimated. He coauthored the 2nd edition of B.J. Palmer\’s book, The Philosophy of Chiropractic, volume 5. Craven’s additions to this book are well marked as he wrote most of the sections for the “Normal Complete Cycle.” Craven was also the philosophy teacher of Ralph W. Stephenson, whose book on the philosophy of chiropractic is still referenced today.
Craven may not be well known in the philosophical discussions in chiropractic today because of a misprint on the cover of the 2nd edition of Philosophy of Chiropractic. The cover and spine read, The Science of Chiropractic, but the title page clearly states, The Philosophy of Chiropractic.
Craven was an ordained Methodist minister, prior to earning his D.C. degree in 1912 and joining the faculty in 1913. Keating wrote of Craven in his book, B.J. of Davenport, “Dr.Craven officiated at many of the marriages held on the Palmer campus during his tenure at the school, 1913 through 1935. Among the best remembered of these ceremonies was the 1917 nuptials at the Palmer mansion for Carl S. Cleveland and Rose Ruth Ashworth, future founders of the Cleveland Chiropractic College of Kansas City.” (1997, p. 155) (Keating and Carl Cleveland III, coauthored a biography of Rose Ruth\’s mother.) Craven also performed the Sunday services on WOC radio in the 1920s, including the first outdoor Easter service on the school’s rooftop in 1924.
In addition to his contributions to Volume 5, which was reprinted almost every year between 1916-1920, Craven also wrote, Chiropractic Orthopedy (volume 15, 1922) and Chiropractic Hygiene and Pediatrics (volume 3, 1924). Both books containing references to Innate Intelligence, in keeping with the tradition of creating physiology textbooks that are expressions of a philosophical worldview.
- A brief discussion of Craven\’s contribution is included in the 8 hour online lecture series on Constructing a Philosophy of Chiropractic.
- For a deeply Integral context for Craven’s arguments, we recommend Wilber’s Integral approach:
Integral Postmetaphysics and also Dr. Senzon’s postmetaphysical approach to the philosophy.
- Craven’s definition of Universal Intelligence from Volume 5 is a precursor to future UI arguments: